Keeping your home safe is one responsibility that you as homeowners should never take for granted. Avoiding being burglarized and preventing major accidents like fires should always be a priority. Burglaries are costly and heartbreaking and fires are a major blow to your family and finances because it can destroy everything you have worked for in minutes. To help you keep your home safe from theft, fire and other risks, here is a complete home safety checklist for your reference.
Monthly and Annual Home Inspection Checklist
- Test or inspect the operating condition of such devices as alarm systems, smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, and fire extinguishers.
- Clean or replace the filters of such appliances as room air conditioners, air purifier machines, and heat/air units.
- Check the condition of your fireplace, stovepipe, hot water heater, and electrical panel.
- Check and clean such home equipment and devices as smoke alarms, electric water heater, outdoor heat/air units, air conditioning units, gas and/or electric space heaters, and dehumidifier.
- Inspect and repair ground structures like fences, retaining walls and gates, driveway, and walkways.
- Check and repair/replace the roofing, chimney, gutters, downspouts, and vents if needed.
- Inspect floor joints and walls for any needed repair or replacement.
- Inspect bathrooms, doors and windows for possible insulation replacement.
Fire, Gas and Electrical Safety Checklist
- Ensure that safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, flashlights, and extra batteries are in their proper places and make sure that all family members know how to properly use them.
- Prepare a fire escape plan and conduct a drill with all family members, as well as make sure that escape ladders are installed in strategic parts of the house.
- Check all electrical sources like outlets and repair/replace them if needed. Install ground circuit interrupters near water areas like kitchen, laundry and garage.
- Inspect all cords/wiring for damages and repair or replace them immediately if needed. Utilize child safety products for power outlets to avoid possible electrocution or injury to children.
- Store chemicals and flammable items safely out of reach of children at all times.
- Regularly check your gas pipeline for possible gas leaks. Follow emergency procedures if you detect a possible gas leak. A gas leak smells like rotten eggs and every family member should be aware of this and what to do if they detect it.
- Do not run electrical cords under your rugs and ensure that they are free from cracks or exposed wires.
- Directly plug large and small appliances into wall outlets rather than extension cords.
- Place fireplace and barbecue ashes outdoors in a metal container with a cover and at least three feet away from any object that can catch fire.
- Place furniture and other items that can possibly catch fire at least three feet away from fireplaces, wall heaters, space heaters, and baseboards.
Security Safety Checklist
- Ensure that any installed alarm system is operating smoothly to effectively detect intruders who try to enter your home. Place alarm signs in visible areas of your property to help deter criminals from targeting the home.
- Teach all family members what they should do during emergencies and when they see strangers or unplanned visitors on the property.
- Keep all firearms out of children’s reach and separate ammunition from firearms. Also, use safety locks on all firearms.
- Utilize fireproof and waterproof safes in order to store important documents like credit card information and birth certificates. Safety-risk items such as guns can also be stored in a home safe for added precaution.
- Exercise caution when leaving a spare key outside your house. A better plan is to keep extra keys with a trusted neighbor.
- Refrain from leaving valuables in your car and never leave a garage door opener inside your car.
Garage Safety Checklist
- Store all chemicals and gasoline in proper containers and areas that are far from open flames and hot areas.
- Keep tools, ladders, and all sharp equipment in their proper storage areas to prevent injuries.
- Use a non-skid flooring material in the garage and clean spills immediately.
- Include your garage when installing a home surveillance or security system to properly monitor it. Put an extra lock on garage door so that it cannot be opened from the outside using other remote controllers.
- Keep your car locked when in the garage so that small children cannot enter and become trapped. Do not leave your valuables inside your car and keep the windows rolled up.
Elderly Home Safety Checklist
- Keep them away from electrical circuits/extension cords
- Safe storage of chemicals. Make an obvious sign on boxes of medicine for an emergency.
- Make sure there are telephones/communication tools upstairs and downstairs, and easy to get.
- Convenient light switches in bedroom, kitchen, and bathroom.
Miscellaneous home safety checklist
- Install child safety and anti-scalding devices on hot water faucets in showers and baths to prevent accidental burns of children.
- Avoid pouring chemicals or grease in your sink, instead dispose of properly.
- Teach water safety to all family members and install fences and gates around pool areas.
- Regularly trim bushes, shrubs, and trees on your property to maintain good visibility and eliminate possible hiding areas of thieves and burglars.
- For families with elderly members, rails and grab bars should be installed in strategic places inside and outside the house and ensure that walkways and paths are always clear to avoid falls.
- Refrain from placing heavy objects on high surfaces that are not secure to avoid head injuries and possible injuries in case of an earthquake.
- All tall furniture like cabinets should be secured to the wall to avoid falling over and injuring people.
Learn more useful tips from this home safety checklist PDF.
Keep your family, belongings and home safe by doing regular maintenance and following safety precautions. Nothing is more important that your family and these easy steps can help ensure a safe, secure home.